Dracula - between legend and truth
Dracula - as perceived today - is the result of interference of the real historical facts, entered into legend, about the reign of Vlad the Impaler - Dracula, the records of the chroniclers of the time, with the intention to make the great prince in a bad light, amplified in the next century by association with the character fiction novel "Dracula", published in England in 1897, having as authored by Irish writer Bram Stoker.
Truth Romanian ruler Vlad Tepes (1456-1462, 1476) is known from many works by Romanian and foreign historians. Convinced that only a strong internal rule could ensure order in the country and organize a successful defense of her external dangers Vlad Tepes used to authoritarian rule, honesty and diligence required his subjects as virtues, dishonesty (theft), laziness and deceit were punished impaling harshly by a cruel punishment, but can be understood only in relation to the times in which he lived, an era of great cruelty, which has seen other punishments as harsh, such as burning at the stake , hanging etc. ..
As a result of its drastic measures, Vlad Tepes was able to establish order in the country, "Foreign pity and mercy - say ADXenopol history - he made a terrible job of yarn in his country and after a clean inner relay, he made chest demean the country had fallen. "
But his actions have attracted the hatred of many of his contemporaries. They have slandered and accused of agreements with the Turks against the interests of the country, was imprisoned by King Matthias Corvinus and later face or cruel man, but put "terrible job of yarn in his country" was associated with vampire Dracula, the famous character in fiction novel "Dracula" the Irish writer Bram Stoker published in London in 1897 and considered by Oscar Wilde "perhaps the most beautiful novel of all time".
The connection is made between the character in Bram Stoker's novel Dracula and Prince Vlad Tepes, is even suggested by the author, who mentions: "... that was really Dracula prince who has acquired the name of opposing the Turks over the great river right on the border with Turkey. " Bram Stoker believes this was not an ordinary man "for the centuries to speak of him as the most skilful, the most cunning and the most valiant of the sons of the country beyond the forest, his keen spirit and will of Iron came with him to the grave and fight now. " Here the author related beliefs about ghosts, whose existence, imagined the popular belief, does not end with the coming generation of "We the dead (ie, ghosts, vampires) suffer from the curse of immortality, says Bram Stoker, pass out an era multiply and other victims, increasing the evils of the world ... ".
Characters in the novel "Dracula" are the result of fantasy author, but facts Dracula and its end are based on popular beliefs about the existence of evil forces: vampires or ghosts. In many peoples beliefs vampires are dead people who by virtue of a sentence or a curse during life, leaving his grave at night and wander among the living people who sleep and suck blood - their only food. Everything is considered and vampire bat, an animal that lives in the cave at night and they suck blood out of people. * In Central America and South America vampires are a large bat species that feed on the blood of birds and mammals found in sleep . In his famous work Odisseea poet Homer, identify bat souls of the dead.
The popular beliefs of the Carpathian-Danubian-Pontic correspondent in acceptance of people dead vampire who leave their tomb at night and wandering among the people living on it surprise you sleep and do a lot of inconvenience and damage suck their blood and milk taken of cattle, the ghost. May be undead living, one that - as recorded folklorist I. Aurel Candrea - "all day he sees things that other people, but at night he goes to sleep as soon as the soul goes to meet with other undead, and the body remains the dead on the bed. These undead souls ... kill children and suck their blood, take the hand of the cows and the crops ". The same author says, "then you die one of these beings that are believed to have been the heart of summer undead is a spit red hot or even for her soul can not escape from the grave and not torture people night. "
In Romanian mythology and ghosts are dead, those spirits of dead people from the former ghost alive or where they went wrong some of the ordinances of the funeral, have lost the way to the afterlife or what had to pay Customs. Besides the damage they do to people in life - says Sim. Marian Fl - dead ghosts "eat one by one each member of their family or they eat only the heart and suck their blood."
As seen today, Dracula appears in Romanian Country prince, Vlad Tepes, under whose chip (depicted in a woodcut of the "German Stories About Dracula Prince" appeared in Nuremberg in 1488) is represented in numerous commercials. In this depiction is not seen as a real historical figure, but as a vampire as known by Western tourists, from Bram Stoker's novel and the numerous films that were made in the West since 1922.
Thus, while Roman effigy, which appears on the cover stories German edition, published in Bamberg in 1491, suggests a sense of justice that the transformed life, by means of a special cruelty, judged by standards of our time, but typical time in which he lived, transposed image on the screen gives us a Dracula figure with a cruelty that no longer has anything to do with the spirit of justice. This image, fanciful and chilling, is the taste of tourists went in search of sensational and once in Romania, Bran Castle and associated (which by appearance and location to emit an air of mystery) with the locations where Dracula has haunted imagination.
Bran Castle, one of the most valuable monuments of medieval architecture in Romania, historical, military and economic, is known by tourists from around the world as Dracula's Castle.
Most tourists, after visiting Bran Castle, leaving disappointed that they have not met Dracula - vampire sucking the blood of men, known from movies and figure associated with Romanian Prince Vlad Tepes - Dracula. And do not meet that visitors do not distinguish between historical reality and the origin story of the character are both Bram Stoker's novel entitled Dracula, in which the action is based on popular beliefs about ghosts and vampires and legends about Vlad Tepes, especially those which show him as a cruel prince. Interference main character in the novel Dracula legends real Prince Vlad Tepes - Dracula, a reference to Roman history, gave birth to an imaginary character known as Dracula's vampire as an embodiment of evil that violate human, he struggles and those came under the rule of converts into the forces of evil. This character exists at the imaginary and can not be shown in a museum exhibition as that of Bran Castle.
Bran Castle Dracula's Castle was named after three decades by tourists, especially Americans, who came in search of Dracula in horror movies made after the novel by Bram Stoker. Tourists are surprised to enter a castle in Transylvania that the appearance resembled the castle described by Irish author. That's why they named Castle Dracula. What connection can be between Dracula imagination of tourists come looking vampire and Bran Castle? It's simple. If it is Romanian ruler, history recorded several campaigns undertaken by Vlad - Impaler - Dracula Brasov Saxon punish merchants who disobeyed the commandments prince of the trade fairs in Romanian Country. And it makes sense that transition to be made on the Bran pass closest to Brasov, which was about Targoviste, the capital of the Wallachia. Relations with Bran castellans will not be too friendly, because they were representatives of the city center, hostile Vlad Tepes.
If Vlad Tepes ruled Bran Castle is hard to answer because it does not mention written documents. But existing documents in the archives of the Castle - Bran Castle, as many are preserved, are primarily administrative in nature is related to income and expenses on the Bran fortress and very little in the political-military events. Arguably, however, that in the fall of 1462, after the army of the Hungarian king Matthias Corvinus, caught near the city of Dambovita Bridge, near Rucar, situated about 25 km from Bran, Prince Vlad Tepes was taken to Castle Bran and dark here for about two months, as the recent volume recorded Vlad Tepes Dracula, Ed Mirador, Arad, 2002, author George Lazea Postelnicu. From there he was taken and imprisoned at Visegrad Citadel.
Regarding the vampire, known in Romanian folklore as the undead (the vampire name is common in Serbian) is to mention that in villages of Bran is kept faith with the existence of evil spirits called strigoi (variant of ghosts) . Village elders remember that until half a century ago it was believed that there were some people in life - ghosts - who led a normal life day and sleep at night, their souls left and haunting the village and tortured people in sleep. These evil spirits roamed from midnight until the first singing of the roosters, they no longer had the power to inflict evil men.
Belief in ghosts and other evil spirits is a part of popular mythology. It can be told, imagined by each individual. But beyond this imaginary universe populated by vampires and ghosts, tourists can meet Bran a reality that I enjoy and relax the soul.
Dracula fierce image in mind, came to Bran, the tourist will meet in beautiful places in this mountain shepherds with herds to grazing or mowing the grass, whose women to war woven textiles that adorn the interiors of homes and preparing traditional dishes (bulz Shepherd, pastrami, buttermilk etc.) both in their own houses as well as pensions prepared for those who want to spend Bran from sunrise to sunset and even overnight you can dream, come and Dracula vampire whose strength will wither on the clove of housewife sitting above the entrance door for the elderly so she knows that defending the house from evil spirits.